CVC Words segmenting and blending is essential to learning to read and spell.
Words that have a consonant-vowel-consonant pattern are therefore called CVC words. So examples of CVC words would be: cat, net, wig, log, and sun.
One of the important concepts in learning to read CVC words is the understanding that a vowel between two consonants is usually a short vowel sound.
Segmenting words is breaking words into their separate sounds.
The easiest way to understand this concept and explain it to students is to think of a word you want to write down and spell. First, you can say each sound in the word. Then write down each sound in order. You are taking apart the word in order to spell it sound by sound.
Blending is putting sounds together to form a word. Blending is an easier skill than segmenting so we teach blending before segmenting.
The first step in blending is to say a word orally to students by saying one sound at a time and have them tell you the word. I like to tell students that they are guessing my word! It makes it fun, but they are not really guessing. They should be putting the sounds together to say the word. Students should be able to do this orally before they learn to look at a word and blend. Then as they learn the sounds for the visual letters, they can blend words by looking at the letters in order and saying the sounds.
That next step of looking at a word in text and blending requires letter identification and letter-sound correspondence knowledge. It also requires that students have been taught that a vowel between two consonants makes its short sound and they need to know what that short sound is, compared to the long sound.
CVC Words Segmenting and Blending
Segmenting and blending are two sides to the same coin. They are complementary activities. Once students can do each activity separately, it can be fun and easy to combine the two tasks.
One way to combine these two tasks is to give students a picture card and letter cards to build the word in the picture.
It is important to teach the students the task in a very explicit and direct way.
First, state the name of the picture. There shouldn’t be any confusion on what the picture is and what word they are going to build. In this example, the picture is a “log”. Then tell the student to say the word “log”.
Next, have the student say the sounds in the word “log”, /lll/ /ooo/ /g/. Be very careful that you and the student are not distorting the /g/ sound by adding an /uh/ to the end /guh/.
Finally, the student can build the word “log” with the letter cards, segmenting the word again as needed to find the sounds in order.
CVC Words Segmenting and Blending Resource
If you are interested in a done-for-you activity on CVC Words Segmenting and Blending, then check out the resource below from my Teachers Pay Teachers store. The students I work with LOVE this activity!
The CVC Words Segmenting and Blending Work Boards included in this resource make it an engaging teaching and learning tool.
This resource includes four CVC Words for each short vowel sound. It also includes a picture card to match:
- Short a words: fan, map, sad, ant, bag
- Short e words: leg, net, Rex, web, bed
- Short i words: wig, pig, bib, fin, kid
- Short o words: mop, fox, log, mom, pot
- Short u words: mud, sun, mug, tub, bug
There is a work board for working with one, two, three, or four words at a time. Each board is in color and black and white. Also included is a direct-instruction, scripted mini-lesson.
CVC Words Segmenting and Blending – Digital Resource for Distance Learning
This digital version includes a Google Slides Presentation file with four CVC Words for each short vowel sound. Students can drag and drop the letter cards to make CVC words. Each slide includes a picture card to match just like the printable version.
There is a separate slide for working with each word. Also included is a direct-instruction, short video on the first slide. Great for distance learning!
Share the Joy of CVC Words Segmenting and Blending
Share the joy of teaching and learning to read! If you like this post, share it with a friend. Find more beginning reading resources, early literacy resources, and information throughout my blog and website.
I am on a mission to help as many students learn to read as I possibly can. The best way to do this is to help as many parents and educators that teach reading as possible.
I only post teaching and learning information that is research-proven. I fully support and believe in the science of reading.